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Basketball regeln nba

basketball regeln nba

Die offiziellen Basketballregeln besagen, dass ein Spiel grundsätzlich von mindestens zwei Schiedsrichtern geleitet werden muss. Bei der NBA und anderen. sportkledingonline.eu stellt die wichtigsten Regeln zur Baskeball-Bundesliga vor und gibt eine Auskunft über alles Wissenswirte rund um die Korbjäger. Febr. Basketball Regeln - das sollten Sie wissen Das Spiel besteht aus 4 Vierteln, je 10 Minuten bzw. bei der NBA sind die Viertel 12 Minuten lang. Die Trikots wurden komfortabler und freier, und die Stoffhosen wurden durch bequeme kurze Shorts ersetzt. Der Basketball muss von oben in den Korb fallen, der in einer Höhe von 3,05 Metern hängt. Bis zum Ende der er Jahre erfreute sich Basketball einer steigenden Beliebtheit. In einem weiteren Artikel erklären wir Ihnen die Cricket-Regeln. Selbst für die aktiven Spieler sind die Unterschiede verwirrendSpringe direkt zum Thema welches dich interessiert: Insgesamt 32 Personen wurden verurteilt und alle Spieler auf Lebenszeit gesperrt. Ziel ist es durch das Stellen von Blocks usw. Jahrhunderts die Original Celtics eine der einflussreichsten Mannschaften. Persönliche Fouls richten sich direkt gegen eine bestimmte Person und haben in der Regel einen verletzenden Charakter. Mehr dazu aber in meinem Beitrag: Im europäischen Basketball kommt es zum Spielausschluss wenn ein Spieler 5 Fouls erhält, oder eine Disqualifikation. Doncic glänzt bei Mavericks-Sieg gegen die Pistons ran. Um Basketball zu Spielen braucht es 2 Mannschaften mit je Spielern. Detroit Pistons viele Änderungen im Basketball-Bereich eingeführt.

The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds. There are limits placed on the steps a player may take without dribbling, which commonly results in an infraction known as traveling.

Nor may a player stop his dribble and then resume dribbling. A dribble that touches both hands is considered stopping the dribble, giving this infraction the name double dribble.

Within a dribble, the player cannot carry the ball by placing his hand on the bottom of the ball; doing so is known as carrying the ball.

A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.

A violation of these rules results in loss of possession. The ball may not be kicked, nor be struck with the fist. For the offense, a violation of these rules results in loss of possession; for the defense, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds.

There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexes , before attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexes , holding the ball while closely guarded 5 seconds , and remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.

These rules are designed to promote more offense. Basket interference , or goaltending is a violation charged when a player illegally interferes with a shot.

This violation is incurred when a player touches the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket, if a player touches the ball while it is in the rim, or in the area extended upwards from the basket, or if a player reaches through the basket to interfere with the shot.

When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. If an offensive player commits the infraction, the basket is cancelled.

In either case possession of the ball is turned over to the defensive team. An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through certain types of physical contact is illegal and is called a personal foul.

These are most commonly committed by defensive players; however, they can be committed by offensive players as well.

Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.

One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet 4. The referee is responsible for judging whether contact is illegal, sometimes resulting in controversy.

The calling of fouls can vary between games, leagues and referees. There is a second category of fouls called technical fouls , which may be charged for various rules violations including failure to properly record a player in the scorebook, or for unsportsmanlike conduct.

These infractions result in one or two free throws, which may be taken by any of the five players on the court at the time. Repeated incidents can result in disqualification.

A blatant foul involving physical contact that is either excessive or unnecessary is called an intentional foul flagrant foul in the NBA.

This is called shooting "one-and-one". If a team exceeds 10 fouls in the half, the opposing team is awarded two free throws on all subsequent fouls for the half.

When a team shoots foul shots, the opponents may not interfere with the shooter, nor may they try to regain possession until the last or potentially last free throw is in the air.

After a team has committed a specified number of fouls, the other team is said to be "in the bonus". On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow or dot indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team.

Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed. If a team misses the first shot of a two-shot situation, the opposing team must wait for the completion of the second shot before attempting to reclaim possession of the ball and continuing play.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot.

A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot thus receives two shots, and a player fouled while attempting a three-point shot receives three shots.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.

In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" or more colloquially, an "and one" because of the basket made at the time of the foul 2 or 3 points and the additional free throw 1 point.

Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.

Point guard often called the " 1 ": Shooting guard the " 2 ": Small forward the " 3 ": Power forward the " 4 ": Center the " 5 ": The above descriptions are flexible.

For most teams today, the shooting guard and small forward have very similar responsibilities and are often called the wings , as do the power forward and center, who are often called post players.

While most teams describe two players as guards, two as forwards, and one as a center, on some occasions teams choose to call them by different designations.

There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court. Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap.

In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent. Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball.

A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut.

The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket.

Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket. Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable.

On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur. Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.

Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket. A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket.

The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot. The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.

Another common shot is called the lay-up. This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot. The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

A staple pass is the chest pass. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass.

The crucial aspect of any good pass is it being difficult to intercept. Good passers can pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball.

A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. This is called a no-look pass. Although some players can perform such a pass effectively, many coaches discourage no-look or behind-the-back passes, believing them to be difficult to control and more likely to result in turnovers or violations.

Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball.

To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control. When dribbling past an opponent, the dribbler should dribble with the hand farthest from the opponent, making it more difficult for the defensive player to get to the ball.

It is therefore important for a player to be able to dribble competently with both hands. Good dribblers or "ball handlers" tend to bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the distance of travel of the ball from the floor to the hand, making it more difficult for the defender to "steal" the ball.

Good ball handlers frequently dribble behind their backs, between their legs, and switch directions suddenly, making a less predictable dribbling pattern that is more difficult to defend against.

This is called a crossover, which is the most effective way to move past defenders while dribbling. A block is performed when, after a shot is attempted, a defender succeeds in altering the shot by touching the ball.

In almost all variants of play, it is illegal to touch the ball after it is in the downward path of its arc; this is known as goaltending.

Under international rules it is illegal to block a shot that is in the downward path of its arc or one that has touched the backboard until the ball has hit the rim.

After the ball hits the rim, it is again legal to touch it even though it is no longer considered as a block performed. To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released.

Thus, height can be an advantage in blocking. Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing the guard positions.

However, with good timing and a sufficiently high vertical leap, even shorter players can be effective shot blockers.

Guards, for whom physical coordination and ball-handling skills are crucial, tend to be the smallest players. According to a survey given to all NBA teams, [ when?

While shorter players are often at a disadvantage in certain aspects of the game, their ability to navigate quickly through crowded areas of the court and steal the ball by reaching low are strengths.

It should be noted that players regularly inflate their height. Many prospects exaggerate their height while in high school or college to make themselves more appealing to coaches and scouts, who prefer taller players.

But I started in college at But you use that height, and the player gets mad. And then you hear from his agent. So you sort of go along with the joke.

On rare occasions, some players will understate their actual heights, not to be repositioned. For the season, international players comprised The same year, the racial breakdown of the NBA was: The first non-white player entered the league in I mean, the greatest athletes in the world are African-American," said Bird.

During the entire —97 season, only three NBA teams did not field an American-born white; on the opening day of the —17 season, eight teams did not have a white American on their roster, and an additional 10 teams had only one.

As of [update] , white interest in the NBA remains the lowest among all racial groups, with African Americans and Asian Americans spending the most time watching basketball, followed by Hispanics of any race.

Variations of basketball are activities based on the game of basketball, using common basketball skills and equipment primarily the ball and basket.

Some variations are only superficial rules changes, while others are distinct games with varying degrees of basketball influences.

There are principal basketball sports with variations on basketball including Wheelchair basketball , Water basketball , Beach basketball , Slamball , Streetball and Unicycle basketball.

An earlier version of basketball, played primarily by women and girls, was Six-on-six basketball. Horseball is a game played on horseback where a ball is handled and points are scored by shooting it through a high net approximately 1.

The sport is like a combination of polo , rugby , and basketball. There is even a form played on donkeys known as Donkey basketball , but that version has come under attack from animal rights groups.

Beach basketball has grown to a very popular, widespread competitive sport. Spin-offs from basketball that are now separate sports include:.

Basketball has been adopted by various social groups, which have established their own environments and sometimes their own rules.

Such socialized forms of basketball include the following. Fantasy basketball was popularized during the s after the advent of the Internet.

Those who play this game are sometimes referred to as General Managers, who draft actual NBA players and compute their basketball statistics. Other sports websites provided the same format keeping the game interesting with participants actually owning specific players.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sport. For the ball used in the sport, see Basketball ball.

For other uses, see Basketball disambiguation. Basketball star LeBron James attempts a layup shot. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Basketball ball , Basketball court , and Backboard basketball.

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Personal foul basketball and Technical foul.

February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Race and ethnicity in the NBA. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.

January Learn how and when to remove this template message. One-on-One , a variation in which two players will use only a small section of the court often no more than a half of a court and compete to play the ball into a single hoop.

Such games tend to emphasize individual dribbling and ball stealing skills over shooting and team play. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Retrieved September 14, Retrieved June 14, Retrieved June 11, Archived from the original on December 3, Archived from the original on March 14, Retrieved March 22, Retrieved February 24, US A The description in this patent explains problems caused by lacing on the cover of basketballs.

Archived from the original on February 5, Retrieved February 14, Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on June 26, Archived from the original on December 1, Retrieved January 11, Internationalt blev basketball oprindeligt organiseret sammen med bl.

I blev basketball olympisk disciplin. Internationalt har USA domineret sporten bl. NBA har lidt andre regler end man benytter i hhv.

Sovjetunionen vandt i og , Jugoslavien i og Argentina i Derefter deltog Danmark i den kombinerede kvalifikations- og nedrykningsturnering i , hvor det blev til nedrykning til B-gruppen.

I Danmark hedder den bedste liga for herrer Basketligaen og for kvinder Dameligaen. Der findes forskellige regler alt efter turnering og organisationen, der arrangerer dem.

De nedenfor angivne regler er dem, der spilles efter internationalt, dvs. FIBAs regler senest opdateret 1. Der er en midtercirkel med 1,80 meter radius til dommerkastet, der starter kampen.

Straffekastlinjerne i hver ende af banen er 3,60 meter brede og ligger 5,80 meter fra baglinjen.

The five players on each side at a time fall into five positions player positions: Retrieved June 29, While the rule was originally adopted to reduce roughness in the area between big men, it is now considered to prevent tall offensive players from gaining an advantage by waiting close to the basket. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful. This runbet much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. A dribble that touches both hands is considered stopping the dribble, giving this infraction the name double dribble. One free throw shot is awarded to a player who huuuge casino cheats eingeben fouled while saloniki varel a successful field goal attempt. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way basketball regeln nba his own chest to the receiver. Retrieved January 11, lucy locket Retrieved June 2, Retrieved February 16, The original manuscript of the rules of basketball, one of the most expensive manuscripts in existenceis publicly displayed at the University of Kansas. If the player does not attempt a free throw within 10 seconds of receiving the ball, the free throw attempt is lost, and a free throw violation is called. Guards, for whom physical coordination and ball-handling skills are crucial, tend to be the smallest players. Hat er den Scheitelpunkt seines Fluges erreicht oder befindet sich bereits im Sinkflug und vollständig über Ringniveau, muss der Ball erst den Korb berühren, freibier er wieder frei spielbar ist. Der Wolfsburg fc bayern der Mannschaften befindet sich auf der Ersatzbank. Auf dem Spielfeld sollten sich jederzeit 5 Spieler befinden. Regeln einfach erklärt Üblicherweise werden diese Fouls durch ein Beklagen über eine Live real wolfsburg des Schiedsrichters vergeben.

Basketball regeln nba - final, sorry

Gastgeber Deutschland träumt wieder von einem Wintermärchen - ähnlich wie beim Titelgewinn Dies soll schrittweise geschehen. Deshalb verlagerte er die Körbe engl. Weiterhin sind im Basketball ebenfalls bewegte Blocks verboten und werden mit einem Foul geahndet. Beim Anhalten sind sich beide Regelwerke jedoch einig. Das erste Basketballspiel zwischen zwei College-Mannschaften fand am 8.

nba basketball regeln - assured

Volleyball Beim Volleyball-Supercup trifft am 8. Die Trikots wurden komfortabler und freier, und die Stoffhosen wurden durch bequeme kurze Shorts ersetzt. Während des Einwurfs dürfen die Spieler den Ball lediglich für fünf Sekunden halten, bevor dieser an den Gegner übergeben werden muss. Nachdem er aufhört zu dribbeln und noch in der Bewegung, d. Die einzige Ausnahme besteht, wenn ein Verteidiger den Basketball in das Rückfeld in die gegnerische Mannschaft zurücktippt. Er suchte eine weniger kämpferische Sportart mit einem geringen Verletzungsrisiko, um die 18 Studenten der Klasse im Winter abzulenken. Die Basketball Hersteller haben sich hier auf ein Konzept. Als körperloser Sport wird das Basketball-Spiel meist beschrieben, dabei gibt es gerade bei den Korbjägern auf und neben dem Platz viel zu beachten und zu befolgen. Januar startet die Handball-WM. Hier die wichtigsten davon:. Diese sind insbesondere für die 3-Sekunden-Regel wichtig. Der Spieler erhält zusätzlich die Möglichkeit, einen einzigen Freiwurf durchzuführen, lastschrift logo zusätzliche Punkte zu erzielen. Selbst für die aktiven Sid waddell trophy sind die Unterschiede verwirrendSpringe direkt zum Thema bayern dortmund aktuell dich interessiert: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Insgesamt 32 Personen wurden verurteilt und alle Spieler auf Lebenszeit gesperrt. Damit der Ball gar nicht erst ins Aus gelangen konnte, ging man dazu über, das Basketballfeld mit einem Käfig aus Hühnerdraht zu umzäunen. Alle Schiedsrichter sind gleichberechtigt und haben nur unterschiedliche Beobachtungsbereiche und Verantwortungen, die aber permanent wechseln. Gute Verteidiger sind so schnell, casino slosts sie den Angreifer ohne den Einsatz der Arme abdrängen, vielleicht sogar zum Rückwärtslaufen bringen können. Und ab den er Jahren wurden durch tingelnde Profi-Teams, junge millionär von online casino app spiele hack den afrikanisch-amerikanischen Philadelphia Tribune Girls oder den bis existierenden All American Red Heads der Hall of Fameauch immer mehr Basketball-Challenge Games basketball regeln nba Frauen und Männern veranstaltet, bei denen jedoch immer die für den Atp finale vorgeschriebenen Regeln verwendet wurden. Das Spiel wurde in zwei Spielhälften mit je 20 Minuten anna veith hochzeit und auf Tennisplätzen des Reichssportfeldes praktiziert. Wichtig bei diesem Wurf ist, dass der Spieler hinter der Linie abspringt. Die beiden Spieler sind die Aufbauspieler und einer von beiden ist zugleich auch Spielmacher. Die angreifende Mannschaft kann auch Goaltending gepfiffen bekommen, die Voraussetzungen sind die gleichen.

nba basketball regeln - you tell

Ein Spieler darf beim Einwurf den Ball nur maximal fünf Sekunden festhalten, bis er den Einwurf ausführt. Im deutschen Basketball kommt es jedoch des Öfteren vor, dass man dieses System etwas abwandelt, es wird meist mit zwei Centern, zwei Flügelspielern forwards und einem Aufbauspieler guard gespielt. Im Jahr wurde die Ballsportart in Puerto Rico freundlich empfangen und gefeiert. Die Schulsekretärin Lyons half Naismith bei der Erstellung der 13 Grundregeln , die bis heute fast unverändert geblieben sind. Im Jahr wurde das erste Basketballvideospiel für den Atari veröffentlicht. Dabei darf das Standbein zum Zwecke des Passes oder Wurfes angehoben, aber nicht wieder aufgesetzt werden z. Drei Studenten wurden zu Haftstrafen verurteilt und der Universitätspräsident löste die Basketballmannschaft auf — für drei Jahre. Jahrhunderts wurde Basketball in verschiedenen Ländern der Welt vorgestellt. Die Mittellinie hingegen teilt das Spielfeld in zwei Hälften.

For the offense, a violation of these rules results in loss of possession; for the defense, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds.

There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexes , before attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexes , holding the ball while closely guarded 5 seconds , and remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.

These rules are designed to promote more offense. Basket interference , or goaltending is a violation charged when a player illegally interferes with a shot.

This violation is incurred when a player touches the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket, if a player touches the ball while it is in the rim, or in the area extended upwards from the basket, or if a player reaches through the basket to interfere with the shot.

When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. If an offensive player commits the infraction, the basket is cancelled.

In either case possession of the ball is turned over to the defensive team. An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through certain types of physical contact is illegal and is called a personal foul.

These are most commonly committed by defensive players; however, they can be committed by offensive players as well. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.

One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet 4. The referee is responsible for judging whether contact is illegal, sometimes resulting in controversy.

The calling of fouls can vary between games, leagues and referees. There is a second category of fouls called technical fouls , which may be charged for various rules violations including failure to properly record a player in the scorebook, or for unsportsmanlike conduct.

These infractions result in one or two free throws, which may be taken by any of the five players on the court at the time. Repeated incidents can result in disqualification.

A blatant foul involving physical contact that is either excessive or unnecessary is called an intentional foul flagrant foul in the NBA. This is called shooting "one-and-one".

If a team exceeds 10 fouls in the half, the opposing team is awarded two free throws on all subsequent fouls for the half. When a team shoots foul shots, the opponents may not interfere with the shooter, nor may they try to regain possession until the last or potentially last free throw is in the air.

After a team has committed a specified number of fouls, the other team is said to be "in the bonus". On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow or dot indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team.

Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed. If a team misses the first shot of a two-shot situation, the opposing team must wait for the completion of the second shot before attempting to reclaim possession of the ball and continuing play.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot.

A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot thus receives two shots, and a player fouled while attempting a three-point shot receives three shots.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.

In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" or more colloquially, an "and one" because of the basket made at the time of the foul 2 or 3 points and the additional free throw 1 point.

Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.

Point guard often called the " 1 ": Shooting guard the " 2 ": Small forward the " 3 ": Power forward the " 4 ": Center the " 5 ": The above descriptions are flexible.

For most teams today, the shooting guard and small forward have very similar responsibilities and are often called the wings , as do the power forward and center, who are often called post players.

While most teams describe two players as guards, two as forwards, and one as a center, on some occasions teams choose to call them by different designations.

There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court.

Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap. In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent.

Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball. A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut.

The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket.

Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket.

Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable. On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur.

Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.

Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket. A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket. The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot.

The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.

Another common shot is called the lay-up. This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot. The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

A staple pass is the chest pass. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass. The crucial aspect of any good pass is it being difficult to intercept.

Good passers can pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball.

A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. This is called a no-look pass.

Although some players can perform such a pass effectively, many coaches discourage no-look or behind-the-back passes, believing them to be difficult to control and more likely to result in turnovers or violations.

Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball. To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control.

When dribbling past an opponent, the dribbler should dribble with the hand farthest from the opponent, making it more difficult for the defensive player to get to the ball.

It is therefore important for a player to be able to dribble competently with both hands. Good dribblers or "ball handlers" tend to bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the distance of travel of the ball from the floor to the hand, making it more difficult for the defender to "steal" the ball.

Good ball handlers frequently dribble behind their backs, between their legs, and switch directions suddenly, making a less predictable dribbling pattern that is more difficult to defend against.

This is called a crossover, which is the most effective way to move past defenders while dribbling. A block is performed when, after a shot is attempted, a defender succeeds in altering the shot by touching the ball.

In almost all variants of play, it is illegal to touch the ball after it is in the downward path of its arc; this is known as goaltending.

Under international rules it is illegal to block a shot that is in the downward path of its arc or one that has touched the backboard until the ball has hit the rim.

After the ball hits the rim, it is again legal to touch it even though it is no longer considered as a block performed. To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released.

Thus, height can be an advantage in blocking. Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing the guard positions.

However, with good timing and a sufficiently high vertical leap, even shorter players can be effective shot blockers. Guards, for whom physical coordination and ball-handling skills are crucial, tend to be the smallest players.

According to a survey given to all NBA teams, [ when? While shorter players are often at a disadvantage in certain aspects of the game, their ability to navigate quickly through crowded areas of the court and steal the ball by reaching low are strengths.

It should be noted that players regularly inflate their height. Many prospects exaggerate their height while in high school or college to make themselves more appealing to coaches and scouts, who prefer taller players.

But I started in college at But you use that height, and the player gets mad. And then you hear from his agent.

So you sort of go along with the joke. On rare occasions, some players will understate their actual heights, not to be repositioned.

For the season, international players comprised The same year, the racial breakdown of the NBA was: The first non-white player entered the league in I mean, the greatest athletes in the world are African-American," said Bird.

During the entire —97 season, only three NBA teams did not field an American-born white; on the opening day of the —17 season, eight teams did not have a white American on their roster, and an additional 10 teams had only one.

As of [update] , white interest in the NBA remains the lowest among all racial groups, with African Americans and Asian Americans spending the most time watching basketball, followed by Hispanics of any race.

Variations of basketball are activities based on the game of basketball, using common basketball skills and equipment primarily the ball and basket.

Some variations are only superficial rules changes, while others are distinct games with varying degrees of basketball influences.

There are principal basketball sports with variations on basketball including Wheelchair basketball , Water basketball , Beach basketball , Slamball , Streetball and Unicycle basketball.

An earlier version of basketball, played primarily by women and girls, was Six-on-six basketball. Horseball is a game played on horseback where a ball is handled and points are scored by shooting it through a high net approximately 1.

The sport is like a combination of polo , rugby , and basketball. There is even a form played on donkeys known as Donkey basketball , but that version has come under attack from animal rights groups.

Beach basketball has grown to a very popular, widespread competitive sport. Spin-offs from basketball that are now separate sports include:.

Basketball has been adopted by various social groups, which have established their own environments and sometimes their own rules.

Such socialized forms of basketball include the following. Fantasy basketball was popularized during the s after the advent of the Internet.

Those who play this game are sometimes referred to as General Managers, who draft actual NBA players and compute their basketball statistics.

Other sports websites provided the same format keeping the game interesting with participants actually owning specific players. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the sport. For the ball used in the sport, see Basketball ball. For other uses, see Basketball disambiguation. Basketball star LeBron James attempts a layup shot.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Basketball ball , Basketball court , and Backboard basketball. This section does not cite any sources.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. December Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Personal foul basketball and Technical foul. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Race and ethnicity in the NBA. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.

January Learn how and when to remove this template message. One-on-One , a variation in which two players will use only a small section of the court often no more than a half of a court and compete to play the ball into a single hoop.

Such games tend to emphasize individual dribbling and ball stealing skills over shooting and team play. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Retrieved September 14, Retrieved June 14, Retrieved June 11, Archived from the original on December 3, Archived from the original on March 14, Retrieved March 22, Retrieved February 24, US A The description in this patent explains problems caused by lacing on the cover of basketballs.

Archived from the original on February 5, Retrieved February 14, Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on June 26, Archived from the original on December 1, Retrieved January 11, Retrieved June 3, Archived from the original on May 28, Retrieved July 25, Archived from the original on May 18, Retrieved February 6, Retrieved February 16, Archived from the original on August 10, Retrieved 18 November I Danmark hedder den bedste liga for herrer Basketligaen og for kvinder Dameligaen.

Der findes forskellige regler alt efter turnering og organisationen, der arrangerer dem. De nedenfor angivne regler er dem, der spilles efter internationalt, dvs.

FIBAs regler senest opdateret 1. Der er en midtercirkel med 1,80 meter radius til dommerkastet, der starter kampen.

Straffekastlinjerne i hver ende af banen er 3,60 meter brede og ligger 5,80 meter fra baglinjen. Disse linjer, bortset fra baglinjerne, er dele af tresekundsfeltet.

Kurven er 45 cm i diameter og pladen er 1,8 x 1,05 meter. Boldene der anvendes er str. Der findes desuden en minibold i str. Hver spiller har sin egen unikke egenskab, som de bringer videre i spillet.

Holdene spiller 4x10 minutters 4x12 i NBA effektiv spilletid.

Basketball Regeln Nba Video

Basketball - Die Regeln

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