vor 3 Tagen 21 Punkte Rückstand zu Beginn der zweiten Halbzeit? Das kann man aufholen - und genau das gelingt Alba im Eurocup gegen Vilnius auch. Schedule. Basketball Saturday, , hrs Eurocup: ALBA BERLIN - Partizan Belgrad ALBA BERLIN - Basketball Löwen Braunschweig. Abonniert den kostenlosen ALBA-Spielplan bei calovo. Damit habt ihr alle Spieltermine immer automatisch aktuell in eurem digitalen Kalender. calovo.
Whereas in American football , the lace construction proved to be advantageous for gripping and remains to this day.
The first balls made specifically for basketball were brown, and it was only in the late s that Tony Hinkle , searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball that is now in common use.
Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement.
Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling only became a major part of the game around the s [ citation needed ] , as manufacturing improved the ball shape.
The peach baskets were used until when they were finally replaced by metal hoops with backboards. A further change was soon made, so the ball merely passed through.
Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got the most points won the game. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference; it had the additional effect of allowing rebound shots.
Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original first game, approached Naismith after the Christmas break, in early , asking him what he intended to call his new game.
Mahan suggested that it be called "Naismith ball", at which he laughed, saying that a name like that would kill any game. Mahan then said, "Why not call it basketball?
The game ended at 1—0; the shot was made from 25 feet 7. At the time, football was being played with 10 to a team which was increased to When winter weather got too icy to play football, teams were taken indoors, and it was convenient to have them split in half and play basketball with five on each side.
By — teams of five became standard. However, other amateur sports clubs, colleges, and professional clubs quickly filled the void.
The first pro league, the National Basketball League, was formed in to protect players from exploitation and to promote a less rough game.
This league only lasted five years. James Naismith was instrumental in establishing college basketball. On February 9, , the first intercollegiate 5-on-5 game was played at Hamline University between Hamline and the School of Agriculture, which was affiliated with the University of Minnesota.
McGill won 9—7 in overtime; the score was 7—7 at the end of regulation play, and a ten-minute overtime period settled the outcome. A good turnout of spectators watched the game.
College basketball was rocked by gambling scandals from to , when dozens of players from top teams were implicated in match fixing and point shaving.
Before widespread school district consolidation, most American high schools were far smaller than their present-day counterparts. During the first decades of the 20th century, basketball quickly became the ideal interscholastic sport due to its modest equipment and personnel requirements.
In the days before widespread television coverage of professional and college sports, the popularity of high school basketball was unrivaled in many parts of America.
Today virtually every high school in the United States fields a basketball team in varsity competition. In the —17 season, , boys and girls represented their schools in interscholastic basketball competition, according to the National Federation of State High School Associations.
There is currently no tournament to determine a national high school champion. The most serious effort was the National Interscholastic Basketball Tournament at the University of Chicago from to The event was organized by Amos Alonzo Stagg and sent invitations to state champion teams.
The tournament started out as a mostly Midwest affair but grew. In it had 29 state champions. Faced with opposition from the National Federation of State High School Associations and North Central Association of Colleges and Schools that bore a threat of the schools losing their accreditation the last tournament was in The organizations said they were concerned that the tournament was being used to recruit professional players from the prep ranks.
The basis for the champion dwindled after when Brown v. Board of Education began an integration of schools. The last tournaments were held at Alabama State College from to Teams abounded throughout the s.
Players jumped from team to team and teams played in armories and smoky dance halls. Leagues came and went. Barnstorming squads such as the Original Celtics and two all-African American teams, the New York Renaissance Five "Rens" and the still existing Harlem Globetrotters played up to two hundred games a year on their national tours.
By the s, basketball had become a major college sport, thus paving the way for a growth of interest in professional basketball.
In , a basketball hall of fame was founded in Springfield , Massachusetts, site of the first game. Its rosters include the names of great players, coaches, referees and people who have contributed significantly to the development of the game.
The hall of fame has people who have accomplished many goals in their career in basketball. Today the NBA is the top professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition.
As of the —19 season, the G League has 27 teams. At this time, the organization only oversaw amateur players.
The United States defeated Canada in the first final, played outdoors. This competition has usually been dominated by the United States, whose team has won all but three titles.
The first of these came in a controversial final game in Munich in against the Soviet Union, in which the ending of the game was replayed three times until the Soviet Union finally came out on top.
Prior to the Summer Olympics , only European and South American teams were allowed to field professionals in the Olympics. In the Athens Olympics , the United States suffered its first Olympic loss while using professional players, falling to Puerto Rico in a point loss and Lithuania in group games, and being eliminated in the semifinals by Argentina.
It eventually won the bronze medal defeating Lithuania, finishing behind Argentina and Italy. Worldwide, basketball tournaments are held for boys and girls of all age levels.
The global popularity of the sport is reflected in the nationalities represented in the NBA. Players from all six inhabited continents currently play in the NBA.
It was founded as a "rebellion" of several teams from the now-defunct Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association, which was tightly controlled by the Basketball Association of the Philippines now defunct , the then-FIBA recognized national association.
The league commenced in , playing a winter season April—September and did so until the completion of the 20th season in The —99 season, which commenced only months later, was the first season after the shift to the current summer season format October—April.
It features 8 teams from around Australia and one in New Zealand. Shortly after she was hired at Smith, she went to Naismith to learn more about the game.
By , the game had spread to colleges across the country, including Wellesley , Vassar , and Bryn Mawr. Stanford women played Berkeley , 9-on-9, ending in a 2—1 Stanford victory.
The Grads toured all over North America, and were exceptionally successful. They posted a record of wins and only 20 losses over that span, as they met any team that wanted to challenge them, funding their tours from gate receipts.
The WNBA has been looked at by many as a niche league. However, the league has recently taken steps forward.
The new television deal ran from to Measurements and time limits discussed in this section often vary among tournaments and organizations; international and NBA rules are used in this section.
An attempt to score in this way is called a shot. A successful shot is worth two points, or three points if it is taken from beyond the three-point arc 6.
The time allowed is actual playing time; the clock is stopped while the play is not active. Therefore, games generally take much longer to complete than the allotted game time, typically about two hours.
Five players from each team may be on the court at one time. Teams also have a coach, who oversees the development and strategies of the team, and other team personnel such as assistant coaches, managers, statisticians, doctors and trainers.
Players wear high-top sneakers that provide extra ankle support. A limited number of time-outs, clock stoppages requested by a coach or sometimes mandated in the NBA for a short meeting with the players, are allowed.
They generally last no longer than one minute seconds in the NBA unless, for televised games, a commercial break is needed. The game is controlled by the officials consisting of the referee referred to as crew chief in the NBA , one or two umpires referred to as referees in the NBA and the table officials.
For college, the NBA, and many high schools, there are a total of three referees on the court. The table officials are responsible for keeping track of each teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team fouls , player substitutions, team possession arrow , and the shot clock.
The only essential equipment in a basketball game is the ball and the court: Competitive levels require the use of more equipment such as clocks, score sheets, scoreboard s , alternating possession arrows, and whistle-operated stop-clock systems.
A regulation basketball court in international games is At almost all levels of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet 3.
While variation is possible in the dimensions of the court and backboard, it is considered important for the basket to be of the correct height — a rim that is off by just a few inches can have an adverse effect on shooting.
The size of the basketball is also regulated. For men, the official ball is If women are playing, the official basketball size is The ball may be advanced toward the basket by being shot, passed between players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled bouncing the ball while running.
The ball must stay within the court; the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds forfeits possession. The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds.
There are limits placed on the steps a player may take without dribbling, which commonly results in an infraction known as traveling.
Nor may a player stop his dribble and then resume dribbling. A dribble that touches both hands is considered stopping the dribble, giving this infraction the name double dribble.
Within a dribble, the player cannot carry the ball by placing his hand on the bottom of the ball; doing so is known as carrying the ball. A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.
A violation of these rules results in loss of possession. The ball may not be kicked, nor be struck with the fist.
For the offense, a violation of these rules results in loss of possession; for the defense, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds.
There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexes , before attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexes , holding the ball while closely guarded 5 seconds , and remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.
These rules are designed to promote more offense. Basket interference , or goaltending is a violation charged when a player illegally interferes with a shot.
This violation is incurred when a player touches the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket, if a player touches the ball while it is in the rim, or in the area extended upwards from the basket, or if a player reaches through the basket to interfere with the shot.
When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. If an offensive player commits the infraction, the basket is cancelled.
In either case possession of the ball is turned over to the defensive team. An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through certain types of physical contact is illegal and is called a personal foul.
These are most commonly committed by defensive players; however, they can be committed by offensive players as well. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.
One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet 4. The referee is responsible for judging whether contact is illegal, sometimes resulting in controversy.
The calling of fouls can vary between games, leagues and referees. There is a second category of fouls called technical fouls , which may be charged for various rules violations including failure to properly record a player in the scorebook, or for unsportsmanlike conduct.
Das wird solange wiederholt, bis ein Sieger feststeht. Es wird durch verschiedene Kreise, Linien und Zonen, die eine eigene Funktion besitzen, unterteilt.
Hier die wichtigsten davon:. Die Anfangsformation einer Mannschaft wird auch als Starting Five deutsch: Wettbewerben kommen jedoch drei Schiedsrichter zum Einsatz.
Alle Schiedsrichter sind gleichberechtigt und haben nur unterschiedliche Beobachtungsbereiche und Verantwortungen, die aber permanent wechseln.
Seine Position ist hinter der Grundlinie der verteidigenden Mannschaft. Sein Kollege nimmt als folgender Schiedsrichter eine Position hinter dem Angriff etwa drei Meter vom Ball entfernt ein, wobei er sich im Bereich von der linken Auslinie bis etwa zur Spielfeldmitte aufhalten muss.
In der Schweiz schreiben die Anschreiber am Schreibertisch das Matchblatt. Oft werden sogenannte Systeme gespielt. Dabei handelt es sich um Varianten eines eingespielten Spielzugs, in dem jeder Angreifer einen bestimmten Laufweg hat.
Ziel ist es durch das Stellen von Blocks usw. Oder sie versucht viele Verteidiger auf eine Seite zu locken, um einen freien Spieler auf der anderen Seite zu erhalten.
Auf das System der Verteidigung engl. Bei der Zonenverteidigung handelt es sich um eine Raumdeckung. Vereinfacht gesagt hat dabei jeder Verteidiger ein bestimmtes Gebiet z.
Vorteil ist ein sehr kompaktes Zentrum. Bei der Mannverteidigung ist jedem Angreifer ein Verteidiger zugeordnet. Allerdings ist das Zentrum nicht voller Verteidiger, was den Zug zum Korb einfacher macht.
In den nachfolgenden Vierteln wechselt der Ballbesitz und wird mit einem Richtungspfeil am Kampfgericht angezeigt. Seit wird bei einem Schnellangriff englisch: Hat der verteidigte Angreifer gerade keinen Ball, ist durchaus ein gewisses Schieben und Zerren erlaubt.
Der Disqualifizierte muss die Halle sofort verlassen oder in der Mannschaftskabine das Ende des Spiels abwarten.
Jeder Angriff darf maximal 24 Sekunden dauern u. Hier ist aber anzumerken, dass kein Schiedsrichter die drei Sekunden mit der Uhr stoppt.
Dagegen darf er nicht in dieser Situation den Ball zu einem Mitspieler tippen bzw. Tut er dies nicht, wird auf Schrittfehler travelling entschieden und der Gegner bekommt Einwurf an der Seitenlinie.
Dabei darf das Standbein zum Zwecke des Passes oder Wurfes angehoben, aber nicht wieder aufgesetzt werden z. Sobald ein Angreifer den Ball nach einem Dribbling Tippen des Balles auf den Boden aufnimmt, darf er nicht erneut zum Dribbling ansetzen.
Eine andere Version hiervon ist Carrying: Die Folgen sind dieselben wie beim normalen Doppeldribbling. Etwas anderes gilt nur, wenn der Ball offensichtlich danebengeht.
Gewonnen hat mit 62 Stimmen der Vorschlag Nr. Denn wir schauen bereits auf das Jahr , in dem unser Verein Jahre alt wird. September die Gelegenheit dazu.
Und ein kleines Kulturprogramm haben wir auch vorbereitet. Ein Vereinsfest kann jedoch nur gelingen, wenn viele mitmachen. Wir brauchen aber auch Besucher!!
Wer noch nicht da war, hat den TSC Berlin e.